The COVID-19 pandemic has not only affected public health and the economy but has also significantly impacted the charitable sector in the United States. Nonprofits and philanthropic organizations have had to adapt to rapidly changing circumstances, shifting priorities, and new operational challenges. This expanded white paper delves deeper into the trends and changes in charitable giving during and after the pandemic, drawing on additional data and insights to provide a comprehensive overview of the sector’s resilience and transformation.

Surge in Giving During the Pandemic

Despite the economic uncertainty and hardships faced by many during the pandemic, charitable giving in the US saw a remarkable increase. According to the Fundraising Effectiveness Project, overall giving grew by 10.6% in 2020 compared to 2019. This surge was driven by a combination of factors, including increased awareness of urgent needs, the rise of virtual fundraising events, and the generosity of individual donors and foundations.

Sector-Specific Trends

By Sector (2020-2023):

While the overall charitable giving increased during the pandemic, many nonprofits faced significant challenges. The Independent Sector reported that 83% of nonprofits experienced a decline in revenue, with the largest impacts felt by arts and culture organizations, as well as those relying on in-person fundraising events.

To adapt to these challenges, nonprofits had to quickly pivot their strategies and operations. Many organizations implemented cost-cutting measures, such as reducing staff or cutting programs, while others tapped into their financial reserves. The pandemic also accelerated the adoption of remote work and digital service delivery, requiring nonprofits to invest in technology and training.

Long-term Impacts and Future Outlook

As the US moves into the post-pandemic era, the charitable sector continues to navigate a changing landscape. While overall giving remains strong, the decline in the number of individual donors raises concerns about the sustainability of funding streams. The Fundraising Effectiveness Project reported a 7.2% drop in donor retention in 2021, highlighting the need for nonprofits to focus on cultivating long-term donor relationships.

Challenges and Adaptations in the Nonprofit Sector

The Center for Disaster Philanthropy reported that in 2020, an estimated $11.9 billion was donated to COVID-19 related causes in the US. This included contributions to relief funds, community organizations, and research initiatives. The outpouring of support demonstrated the resilience and adaptability of the charitable sector in the face of an unprecedented crisis.


Changing Priorities and Donor Behaviors

The pandemic not only affected the amount of charitable giving but also influenced donor priorities and behaviors. Many donors shifted their focus to immediate needs such as food security, healthcare, and housing assistance. According to a survey by Fidelity Charitable, 54% of donors gave to organizations providing essential services during the pandemic, while 47% supported local community organizations.


The crisis also accelerated the adoption of digital giving platforms and virtual fundraising events. Online giving grew by 21% in 2020, and the number of donors giving online increased by 40%. This shift towards digital engagement has had lasting effects, with many nonprofits continuing to leverage technology to reach and engage donors even as in-person events resume.


Post-Pandemic Charitable Giving Trends 

As the US moves beyond the pandemic, the charitable sector continues to evolve. Total charitable giving in 2021 grew by 2.8% over 2020, reaching $484.85 billion (Giving USA Foundation 2022). Online giving continued to grow with a 9% increase in 2021 compared to 2020, and 42% of donors said they planned to give more in 2022 (Classy 2022). The number of donors in the US increased by 3.1% in 2021, while the donor retention rate was 43.6% (Fundraising Effectiveness Project 2022).


In 2022, total giving reached $499.33 billion, with subtle shifts reflecting a broader societal pivot towards sustainability and strategic philanthropy. However, in 2023, total giving showed a slight decrease of 1.7%, indicating a cautious but strategic approach influenced by economic indicators.

About Wealth Excel

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